Rhinoceros is a strong and large mammal native throughout Africa and Asia. There are 5 main types of rhinoceros, and most of which are already endangered due to poaching and hunting. Rhinoceros has a thick and protective skin, and their special feature is the horn on their nose and head. Therefore, the high demand of this special feature leads to a high level of poaching and the loss of their habitats. Before these incredible animals have gone to extinction, we shall know about them a little bit. This article is here to introduce you to types of rhinoceros along with some information about them, so check it out.
Habitat: Tropical & Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, Shrublands, Desert, Xeric Shrublands
Population: Between 5000 – 5,500
Weight: 900kg – 1,400kg
Known as Hook Lipped Rhino, Black and White rhino are not defined based on their color at all. Black rhinoceros is much smaller in size, and the species has the traditional 2 horns. There are eight subspecies of Black Rhino, and 3 of which have become extinct. Those that have gone extinct are North-Eastern Black Rhino, Southern Black Rhino, and Western Black Rhino.
There are various threats to Black Rhino including habitat changes, illegal poaching, and competing species. Most of rhinoceros are hunted by ancient Chinese since 1200 B.C. The Chinese often hunted rhino horn for the making of wine cups while their skin is for crowns, belts, and soldiers. As for the Middle East, they hunted rhino’s horns to make daggers called Jambiyas. Well, let’s just hope that their population stays that way.
2Greater One-Horned Rhino
Habitat: Tropical & Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Population: 3,300 – 3,600
Weight: 1,800kg – 2,700kg
Goes by another name of Indian Rhino, this species is the largest of rhino species in Asia; and they have only one horn on their nose. Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian sub-continent, their population plummeted as they were hunted for sport and horns. Sport hunting became common the late 1800s and early 1900s when Indian Rhinoceros were hunted relentlessly and persistently.
Poaching for their horns became the main reason of the decline of their population. There were 6 hunting methods recorded including shooting, trapping, electrocution, poisoning, spearing, and noose. Then legal hunting was ended in the beginning of 20th century thanks to the strict protection and management from Indian and Nepalese wildlife. That help the population of Indian Rhino to increase to a remarkable number.
Habitat: Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Population: Less than 70
Weight: 900kg – 2,300kg
Javan Rhinoceros aka Sunda Rhinoceros or Lesser One-Horned Rhinoceros, is one of the endangered rhino species in the world. The unique thing about these rhinoceros is that only adult males have horns, and females don’t. You can find them on the islands of Java, Sumatra, Southeast Asia, India, and China.
Just like all rhinoceros, the decline of their population is due to poaching for their horns for various purposes. Their current population is estimated to be only 67, and all of which are in Ujong Kulon National Park. There might be a few more others out there, but we never know if they can survive the extinction or not.
Habitat: Tropical & Subtropical Forests
Population: Less than 100
Weight: 550kg – 1000kg
Sumatran Rhinoceros are the smallest of all rhino species, and their population is highly dense in Sumatra and Borneo. Also, this rhino species is the most endangered of all rhinoceros species due to poaching in the last 20 years. Nowadays, there are less than 80 Sumatran Rhinoceros survive in the world, and they are expected to be extinct soon. That is because of the unstoppable hunting and the loss of habitats in the wild.
Habitat: Tropical & Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, Shrublands
Population: 20,000 – 22,000
Weight: 1,800kg – 2,500kg
White Rhinoceros or Square-Lipped Rhino, is the largest species of rhino in Africa. On its snout are two horn-like growths, one behind another. They are made of solid keratin, in which they differ from the horns of bovids with a bony core. White Rhinoceros has a noticeable hump on the back of its neck. Also, each of the four stumpy feet has three toes. The cool thing is that their ears can move independently to pick up sounds.
The population of this incredible creature started to decline during the uncontrolled hunting in the colonial era. But for now, the primary threat is poaching because they are large and unaggressive with poor eyesight. Their horns are special for Asian medicine as it is believed that the power from rhino horn can treat a variety of illnesses.
The shocking story was in March, 2017 back in Thoiry Zoo in France which was broken into by poachers. A Southern White Rhinoceros named Vince was found shot dead in his enclosure. The poachers had removed one of his horns and attempted to remove the second one. That was the first time a rhinoceros had been killed in a European zoo. Many poachers are still willing to risk death or prison time due to the money that they make from it. So basically, rhinoceros are still in danger.